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FRANCISCO GOYA

Of Goya’s work there is the complete series of the Caprichos. The subject matter for this series is the folly of mankind, and he was unsparing of institutions such as the clergy. The critical nature of the Caprichos forced Goya to take the series off the market out of fear of being persecuted by the Inquisition, which had already driven so many free thinkers here to the north.

1746

Born 30 March in Fuendetodos, Zaragoza.

1760

Student with local painter Jose Luzan, his first and most enduring influence.

1770

Following a second rejection by the Royal Academy, in 1766, Goya travels to Italy.

1775

Marriage with Josefa Bayeu, sister of Francisco and Ramon Bayeu, established artists.

1786

Appointed Painter to the King. Promoted to Court Painter in 1789 and First Court Painter in 1799.

1792

Struck by an unknown yet serious illness. Completely deaf as a result.

1808

Beginning of invasion of Spain by Napoleon. This leads to creation of Los Desastres de la Guerra, the 2nd of May and the 3rd of May.

1819

Buys house outside Madrid, Quinta del Sordo. Makes 14 murals (The Black Paintings).

1824

Goes into voluntary exile in France.

1828

Dies 16 April in Bordeaux

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